Microtext Subject Guide: Utopian Communities
Hopedale Community Collection, 1821-1938 MFM
The Hopedale Community was organized in Mendon, Massachusetts, in 1841 with an ordained Universalist minister, Adin Ballou, as its most noted organizer. It thrived for a time, but due to moral and economic lapse it eventually merged with the Hopedale Parish. This collection contains three groups of materials. The manuscripts (1821-1918) contain minutes of meetings, financial records, marriages and funerals, a map, and photographs. Nine serials (1831-1860) are represented, including complete copies of some. The printed matter (1823-1938) includes books, pamphlets, tracts, and broadsides by, about, and printed by Hopedale Community. There are over 40 titles by Adin Ballou including a 415-page history of Hopedale on reel 3 and a 1154-page history and biographical register of Milford, Massachusetts, on reel 5.
Oneida Community Books, Pamphlets and Serials
The Oneida Community was established by John Humphrey Noyes (1811-1886) as a communal organization in Oneida, N.Y. The manufacture of steel animal traps, sale of silk thread, fruit-preserving, and later the silverware business, provided income. In this collection four reels contain books and pamphlets printed by or for the Oneida Community and eleven reels are the serials published by the Community. The printed guide gives a history of the Community and a detailed reel list.
Shaker Collection of the Western Reserve Historical
Society MFE 1563
and MFM 475
Shakerism, which had its beginning in America with the arrival from England in 1774 of its leader, Mother Ann Lee, flowered in the nineteenth century. Wallace H. Cathcart, president of the Western Reserve Historical Society, collected books, broadsides, archives of the various communities, manuscripts of individual members, inspirational drawings, and photographs relating to this religious communal society to form a collection of national preeminence. In addition to the Shaker principles of communal property, celibacy, and separation from the world, the materials touch on all aspects of the Shaker way of life from poetry to recipes and technical skills. The manuscripts (including archives, inspirational drawings, and photographs) are reproduced on MFM 475; the monographs, periodicals (The Manifesto and The Day-Star), and broadsides are reproduced on MFE 1563.
Thomas Lake Harris and the Brotherhood of the New Life;
Books, Pamphlets, Serials
and Manuscripts 1854-1942 MFM 480
Thomas Lake Harris (1823-1906) was a mystic, poet, and founder of several utopian communities including the Brotherhood of New Life in Brocton, N.Y. and Fountain Grove at Santa Rosa, California. The communities had large vineyards and helped support themselves by the sale of wine. In California Harris also had a printing press from which poured copies of his poetry and writings. This collection contains printed books, pamphlets, and serials by and about Harris; manuscripts; correspondence; subject files; and photographs. The originals are at the Horrmann Library of Wagner College and the Rare Books and Manuscripts of Columbia University Libraries.