.Title: Hospital ship, Nashville [between 1861 and 1865]
During the Civil War, the Union army and navy used hospital ships to care for sick and wounded soldiers and sailors. Medical care evolved significantly during the war, and hospital ships provided yet another way to treat the multitudes of ill and injured men over the course of the four-year conflict. The Nashville served on the Mississippi River, as did the better-known Red Rover, which is pictured here and here. The Red Rover, which was a captured Confederate steamer, carried enough supplies to care for 200 patients for 3 months, as well as a substantial crew of officers, soldiers, surgeons, and nurses.
Title: [Lieutenant Hiram L. Hendley of Co. A, 9th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion with double barrel shotgun and Bowie knife] [between 1861 and 1865]
Men from Sumner County, TN, organized Company A of this battalion on September 1, 1862. The battalion was expanded into a regiment in November 1862. Many of the regiment’s men were taken prisoner during Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s raid into Ohio in July 1863. Bowie knives like the one held by Lt. Hendley became popular as fighting knives in the South prior to the Civil War. During the war, soldiers found that the knife was less useful to them than a rifle, revolver, or bayonet.
From our June 2014 Newsletter Lesson Idea (see p. 2) on Sam Watkins and Co. Aytch:
Samuel “Sam” Rush Watkins (1839–1901) from Columbia, TN, joined the Confederate army early in 1861, along with many of his relatives and neighbors. Watkins fought throughout the war with the First Tennessee Infantry, Company H, called the “Maury Grays.” He survived with only minor injuries and was one of few left in his unit when the Army of Tennessee surrendered to Gen. William T. Sherman in April 1865. After the war, Watkins returned home to Columbia and married. He began writing his memoirs in 1881, publishing them as a serial in the Columbia Herald newspaper. The serials were combined as a book in 1882. The Library holds both the first and second editions in digital form. The title page shown here is from the first edition.
Title: Short rations. 1864 (Courtesy of the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University)
This sheet music was published in Augusta, Georgia, in 1864. It was dedicated to the “corn-fed Army of Tennessee.” Corn, long a staple of the southern diet, provided fuel for both men and animals during the Civil War. As other foods became scarcer and scarcer within the Confederacy, corn was used as a substitute for many items, including coffee. Rations for Confederate soldiers were reduced more than once toward the end of the war, and this song treats this development with humor.
Title:Lincoln’s last hour. [c. 1865]
The death of President Abraham Lincoln on April 15, 1865, a day after he was shot by Confederate supporter John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., is often interpreted as the final tragedy of the Civil War. In Tennessee, Unionists mourned the president's death, and Union occupation troops tolled bells, fired cannons, and held services to honor their fallen leader. While the president's assassination had enormous political consequences for the country as a whole, it also had important ramifications for Tennessee in particular because it catapulted Vice President Andrew Johnson of Greeneville into the presidency.