Julian Wehr ca. 1890 - ca. 1950
From 1942 to about 1955, Julian Wehr publishes nearly 40 movable books with simple but highly original animations. Unlike Meggendorfer's mechanisms elaborated from paper, tiny metal rivets, and small springs, Wehr devises and patents a method involving multiple movable elements mounted on a single piece of paper and set in motion by a pull-tab. Trained at the Art Students League of New York by John Sloan, he pursued woodcut book illustration in his early career. Family and financial pressures lead him to movable books. Many of his titles see multiple editions with sales figures in the hundreds of thousands.