Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Ask Us!Toggle Chat Widget

ENGL 3340: African American Literature (Dubek): Citation Help

Resources for researching (1) the text Twilight, Los Angeles 1992; (2) the Rodney King beating and Los Angeles Riots in 1992; (3) other racially charged events in history.

Annotated Bibliography

What is an annotated bibliography?  A bibliography is a list of the sources consulted while doing research about a specific topic. Adding annotations will help you learn about a topic in a deeper and more critical way. It will also help you and the readers of your bibliography to evaluate the relevance of each source in relation to the research topic or question.

Common parts of an annotated bibliography:

Citation -- publication information given in a specific format usually assigned by your instructor (ex: MLA, APA, Chicago)

Annotation --

Summary -- a few sentences summarizing the source content and main points 

Assessment / Evaluation -- determine the usefulness and credibility of the source [This is always done but it is sometimes omitted from the written annotation.]

Reflection -- a few sentences summarizing how the source was helpful for your specific research topic or research question

How did the source help you understand a research topic or answer a research question?
How did the source differ from others on the topic? What was special about it?
How did the source change or influence your thinking about the research topic? How did it affect you?

Important Note: Not all annotated bibliographies have separate annotations; some only contain a citation and summary for each source.  Read your assignment instructions carefully. Multiple formatting examples are shown on the Purdue OWL Writing Center website and the EasyBib website.


Short Example in MLA 8
[image from EasyBib; for educational use only] 


Short Example in APA 6
[image from EasyBib; for educational use only] 

Citing Images, Multimedia, & Social Media

The Citation Style Guide has more helpful information. Style manuals are available at the 1st floor Reference Desk.

Additional Help

Writing Center

The Writing Center is located in Walker Library, room 362.  Visit or call 904.8237 to schedule an appointment.