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AI Literacy in the Age of ChatGPT

Large Language Models (LLMs)

ChatGPT logo ChatGPT Open AI
Free, built on GPT-3.5
Not connected to the Internet. Trained on data only through January 2022.
ChatGPT Plus logo ChatGPT Plus

Open AI
$20/mo, built on GPT-4

  • plugins,
  • Advanced Data Analysis" (formerly Code Interpreter)
  • a "browse with Bing" feature that allows it to search for information on websites
  • GPT4-Vision (for uploading images and discussing them)
  • Image generation with DALL-E 3.

(as of Nov. 6, 2023: all these features combined into "all tools.")

A new feature for building chatbots without using code. These are called "GPTs."
(available to Plus users only)

Enterprise edition for large businesses. 

Bing chat logo Bing Chat Microsoft
Free, built on GPT-4 (If you use Creative or Precise mode, Balanced mode = CPT3.5)
Generate images with DALL-E 3 using Bing Image Creator

Connected to the Internet with Bing search.
Google Bard logo Bard Google
Free, built on Gemini Pro (as of Dec. 6, 2023)
Connected to the Internet.
Claude logo Claude 2 Anthropic
Free. Also available in Slack.
Built on their own model.

Focused on reliability and safety.
Not connected to the Internet. Trained on data only through December 2022.
Perplexity AI Perplexity
Free, built on GPT-3.5. 
Connected to the Internet.

You can use it without creating an account.
Pro account also available that uses GPT4 or Claude2.

Which models are the most capable?

  • ChatGPT Plus (with a monthly fee) is also based on GPT-4.
  • Bing Chat (in creative mode) is based on GPT-4. And it's free to use.
  • Perplexity AI with their pro account -- you can get access to the more capable model (GPT-4).
  • Claude is also quite good, but not connected to the Internet. Trained on data up to December 2022.

Which models are less capable?

  • Google's Bard is now about as capable as the free ChatGPT (3.5), since it uses Gemini Pro as the underlying model. This could change sometime in 2024 when they make Gemini Ultra available.
  • ChatGPT free version (GPT 3.5)

For a list of more AI tools, see AI Tools Landscape by Carlos Lizarraga-Celaya.

Other useful tools based on LLMs

These tools are based on language models like GPT-3 or GPT-4 (from Open AI).

Upload a PDF, highlight confusing text, and get a simpler explanation. Useful for reading research papers outside your field. You can also get explanations in languages other than English. Learn more about Explain Paper.

Find answers from 175 million research papers. Elicit uses semantic similarity, which finds papers related to your question even if they don't use the same keywords. See How to use Elicit responsibly.

Reference manager and more. Ask the AI to explain your selection, translate it into another language, or identify key points.

Scite AI assistant
A conversational tool made by Scite that lets you ask questions in simple language and get answers backed by real, up to date references. Think of like ChatGPT with real, up to date references, tailor-made for anyone discovering, understanding, or writing research.