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AI Literacy in the Age of ChatGPT

Citing generative AI

Discuss the use of ChatGPT with students

You can help students care about being transparent in their use. Discuss ChatGPT and create a policy for whether and how to use it.

Help students understand why giving credit is important

You may also be interested in our UA Libraries tutorial for students. It's focused on why it's important to give credit to the work of others.
How Do I Give Credit to the Ideas of Others?

Go beyond traditional citations

Professor Ethan Mollick (Wharton School), recommends going beyond traditional citations. He asks his students to include an appendix to their papers, where they list each prompt they used in ChatGPT and discuss how they revised those prompts to get better output.

See: Mollick, Ethan R. and Mollick, Lilach, Using AI to Implement Effective Teaching Strategies in Classrooms: Five Strategies, Including Prompts (March 17, 2023).

Citation guidelines

Here are the guidelines for citing generative AI in MLA Style, APA Style, and Chicago Manual of Style.

For guidelines on citing other formats of generative AI, see How to Cite AI Tools: A Guide for Students.

Publisher policies

Here are some statements from academic publishers about the use of generative AI.

  • Science Journals policy: "Text generated from AI, machine learning, or similar algorithmic tools cannot be used in papers published in Science journals"
  • Nature publishers: "... researchers using LLM tools should document this use in the methods or acknowledgements sections.”
  • Taylor & Francis Clarifies the Responsible use of AI Tools in Academic Content Creation
  • Cambridge University Press.
    • AI use must be declared and clearly explained in publications such as research papers, just as we expect scholars to do with other software, tools and methodologies.

    • AI does not meet the Cambridge requirements for authorship, given the need for accountability. AI and LLM tools may not be listed as an author on any scholarly work published by Cambridge

    • Authors are accountable for the accuracy, integrity and originality of their research papers, including for any use of AI.

    • Any use of AI must not breach Cambridge’s plagiarism policy. Scholarly works must be the author’s own, and not present others’ ideas, data, words or other material without adequate citation and transparent referencing.

      Please note, individual journals may have more specific requirements or guidelines for upholding this policy.

Other publishers are also coming out with statements like these.

These guides (one for instructors & one for students) are adaptations of guides created at the University of Arizona Libraries by Nicole Hennig with contributions by Michelle Halla, Nicole PagowskyNiamh Wallace.

CC 4.0 license

Feel free to copy this guide, in part or in its entirety, in your own LibGuide.

Please attribute “University of Arizona Libraries, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.”